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Age-related memory decline

Normal aging is associated with a decline in various memory abilities in many cognitive tasks; the phenomenon is known as age-related memory impairment (AMI) or age-associated memory impairment (AAMI). The ability to encode new memories of events or facts and working memory shows decline in both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies.

Source : Wikipedia

The syndrome of declining memory ability associated with ageing is so ubiquitous that it can't really be classed as a 'condition' or 'disease'. In general, all types of memory tend to become less efficient with age - especially short-term memory.

Many studies have tested psychologists theories throughout the years and they have found solid evidence that supports older adults having a harder time recalling contextual information while the more familiar or automatic information typically stays well preserved throughout the aging process (Light, 2000). Also, there is an increase of irrelevant information as one ages which can lead to an elderly person believing false information since they are often in a state of confusion.
[Source as above.]

Several theories have been put forward which attempt to clarify why memory abilities tend to gradually decline, but as yet there is no generally accepted explanation. See: Wikipedia

IMPORTANT NOTE : Age-related memory decline is recognised as a normal part of the ageing process, and is not considered to be associated with Alzheimer's or Dementia.


Also see: Memoryplugin-autotooltip__plain plugin-autotooltip_bigMemory

inexplicable

"Although it is commonly accepted that learning and memory occur via enduring changes in neuronal properties such as synaptic strength within a network of neurons, many details of these processes remain unknown, including the mechanisms responsible for the persistence and maintenance of memory over long periods of time.

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