'Alice in Wonderland Syndrome' (AiWS) (a.k.a. Todd's syndrome or dysmetropsia) is a neuropsychological disorder in which patients experience visual* distortions - so that surrounding objects can appear larger or smaller (or nearer of further away) than they actually are.
It's known to be associated with infections of the Epstein-Barr virus (the cause of Glandular Fever), and also with brain tumours and . But the neuropsychological mechanisms are unknown.
It was originally assumed to be a very rare condition, although recent surveys have found that around 9% of people have experienced it at some stage.
Source : Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,Volume 28, issue 4
*Note: It can also feature auditory and time-distortion illusions.
Further reading : BioMed Research International
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