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Indexed under : Proposed Content

Wikenigma - an Encyclopedia of Unknowns Wikenigma - an Encyclopedia of the Unknown

Nanochemistry

Note: This article is currently in the Proposed Content section.

It has been known for centuries that 'particle size' can very strongly affect chemical reactions.

At 'normal' scales, it's generally the case that the smaller the size of reactant particles, the faster the reaction progresses. This is often simply the result of increased surface area.

In recent years however, the possibility of creating nano-scale particles has shown that they often have radically different reactive properties. (see example Gold Catalysisplugin-autotooltip__plain plugin-autotooltip_bigGold Catalysis

"Catalysis by gold has rapidly become a hot topic in chemistry, with a new discovery being made almost every week. Gold is equally effective as a heterogeneous or a homogeneous catalyst and in this Review we attempt to marry these two facets to demonstrā€¦
)

A lack of understanding of the exact atomic processes involved means that it's very hard - or sometimes impossible - to accurately predict how chemicals will react with each other when the particle sizes are at nanoscale.


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