User Tools

    To create and edit articles, please register and log-in

Main Menu : categories & index etc.

Main menu
Click categories to expand

A-Z listingplugin-autotooltip__plain plugin-autotooltip_bigA-Z listing

This is an alphabetical index of all content pages.

Other categories



Also see

Importance Ratings
Curator's rationale
AI Policy

Twitter feed 𝕏

Feeds + s.e.o. etc.
rss / xml feed
sitemap file
A-Z listing (archived)

Indexed under : Life Sciences / Zoology

Wikenigma - an Encyclopedia of Unknowns Wikenigma - an Encyclopedia of the Unknown

White band (coral disease)

White Band Disease (WBD) is a rapidly spreading disease of coral - notably Elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) and Staghorn coral (A. cervicornis).

It was first noted in the 1970s in the Caribbean, where it has now eradicated around 95% of the two coral species - with severe knock-on effects for other organisms which depend on them. It's also been found in the Red Sea, the Indo-Pacific region, Australia's Great Barrier Reef, and in Indonesia.

White Band Disease (WBD) has caused unprecedented declines in the Caribbean acroporid corals, resulting in their listings as threatened on the US Threatened and Endangered Species List and critically endangered on the IUCN Red List. Yet, despite the importance of WBD, the probable pathogen(s) have not yet been determined.

Source : Sci Rep. 2011; 1: 7.

It's thought very probable that the infective agent is a bacterium, because small-scale experimental studies have found that Tetracycline and Ampicillin - two routinely used antibiotics - can effectively control the disease. This kind of treatment is of course not a viable option over large ocean areas.

    Please share this page to help promote Wikenigma !

Dear reader : Do you have any suggestions for the site's content?

Ideas for new topics, and suggested additions / corrections for older ones, are always welcome.

If you have skills or interests in a particular field, and have suggestions for Wikenigma, get in touch !

Or, if you'd like to become a regular contributor . . . request a login password. Registered users can edit the entire content of the site, and also create new pages.

( The 'Notes for contributors' section in the main menu has further information and guidelines etc.)

Automatic Translation

You are currently viewing an auto-translated version of Wikenigma

Please be aware that no automatic translation engines are 100% accurate, and so the auto-translated content will very probably feature errors and omissions.

Nevertheless, Wikenigma hopes that the translated content will help to attract a wider global audience.

Show another (random) article

Further resources :